Understanding Your Septic System

There are many homes throughout the country–both in rural areas and in neighborhoods–that do not have sewage lines available, so in-ground septic systems are installed. They are built by the plumbing contractor and follow strict, pre-engineered guidelines, according to state regulations and local building departments’ requirements. When installed properly and correctly maintained, they will work well and can last a lifetime. Use the following guidelines for understanding your septic system so that you can avoid costly and inconvenient repairs.

Septic systems may sound foreign and intimidating, but the process is fairly straightforward. The house’s main sewer line dumps into the tank, depositing the solids at the bottom while the grease and fats float to the top. Then the liquids spill out the top side into the drain field, allowing the liquids to percolate into the ground.

In order to keep the septic system in your Longwood¬†home running properly, it is best to follow a few simple rules. You do not want to dump solid objects, grease, or fats into your toilets or sinks; do not use your disposal as a garbage dump (in fact, it’s best not to use it at all); and do not pour chemicals or bleach down the drain. The chemicals can interfere with the microbe bacteria breakdown process and cause a problem with your tank and drain field.

The industry recommends that you have your tank pumped out every 5 years (under proper use). After a while, the bottom of the tank builds up with sludge and the top is covered with a layer of floating, scummy debris. If there is an excessive buildup of debris, it will spill over into your drain field and create a non-porous coating, which will prevent the liquids from percolating into the soil. You’ll have no problem knowing when this has occurred, as you’ll notice the sewage will begin to back up into your toilets and into your shower basin. Usually the only cure for this is to dig up your drain field and install a new system. This is why properly using and maintaining your system is very important.

Also, keep trees and shrubs far away from your septic tank (the root systems can interfere) and do not drive across or build a structure over it. In the long run, having your own sewage system can save you a lot of money, but improperly using or maintaining it can cost you a lot of money.

© , Contemporary Electric, All Rights Reserved, State Licence #EC13003014